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Mapping Circular Economy Policy StrategyAction Points for the NordicsV1.0- Double click on a node (or double underlined sub-node) to expand/collapse- Scroll to explore map- Click on the blue icons (links & notes) at left of nodes:---- to read more about a sub topic---- to link to reference documentation- Work in progress:  collaborative editorial access available upon request- Initial data compilation: Cynthia Reynolds  - cynthia@circularoslo.com--- interactive mindmap contains links to source documentation--- printable .pdf static version available upon request (it does not link to referencedocumentation)Note: best viewed on large screenActorsPrivate SectorPublic SectorNGOsThese references willinterlink as sub-nodes expandProductionEmphasis on circular economy aspects in future product requirements under the Eco-designdirective.Proposal for an implementing regulation on televisions and displaysInclude guidance on circular economy into Best Available Techniques reference documents(BREFs) for several industrial sectorsEstablishing an open, pan-European network of technological infrastructures for SMEs tointegrate advanced manufacturing technologies into their production processesDevelop an improved knowledge base and support to SMEs for the substitution of hazardoussubstances of very high concernExamine how to improve the efficiency and uptake of the EU Eco-Management and AuditScheme (EMAS) and the pilot programme on environmental technology verification (ETV)Ecodesign Working Plan 2016-2019 and request to European standardisation organisationsto develop standards on material efficiency for setting future Ecodesign requirements ondurability, reparability and recyclability of products.Examine options and actions for a more coherent policy framework of the different strandsof work of EU product policy in their contribution to the circular economyGuidance and promotion of best practices in the mining waste management plansNordic TimelineNorwayIn 2017, the government presented a white paper on waste policies in a circular economy, aiming to increase reuse andrecycling. The paper also contained a strategy to strengthen the international commitment to combat marine litter bycooperating with the Nordics, the EU and through the mechanisms of the UN.In February 2018, the Parliament asked the Government to, amongst other things, create a national strategy for circulareconomy, and to promote suggestions for a food waste law that would affect the food industry. The law would includedonating all edible surplus food for charitable purposes and secondary to animal feed. Also worth mentioning is the requestfor the government to phase out unnecessary use of single-use plastics as well as coming up with a scheme to make it freeto deliver marine litter to the ports for fishermen and others.In 2017, the government also signed an agreement to reducefood waste by 50% by 2030. In 2017, the government furthermore launched a strategy for green competitiveness and greengrowth.In May 2018, Norway became a part of the EU circular economy package. The changes in the packaging directive providesnew and higher targets for the proportion of packaging waste to be recycled by 2025 and 2030. It also stresses that Norwayshould implement measures that promote increased sales of reusable packaging and re-use of packaging.DenmarkIn 2016, a white paper on the circular economy was launched by the Ministry of Environment and Food, aiming to exemplifyand inspire to new innovative business models.The advisory board for a circular economy was set up in October 2016 in order to provide recommendations to the Danishgovernment on how it can support the business transformation into circular economy. In June 2017, the advisory boardcame with it 27 recommendations aiming to promote a Danish transformation into a circular economy. A few examples ofthe recommendation are; incorporating circular economy into the entire education system, promoting surplus capacitythrough sharing economy business models, promoting reparation and reuse through changes in the VAT scheme, andintroducing an expanded circular producer responsibility scheme for waste of electronic products.In September 2018, the Danish government presented its strategy for a circular economy. The strategy divides 16 millioneuro between 15 activities, e.g. strengthening companies and motivating them to improve circularity, supporting thecircular economy through data and digitalisation and generate more value from buildings and biomass.FinlandFirst and foremost, in 2016 the road map for circular economy between 2016-2025 was launched. It is theworld’s first roadmap on circular economy and it was prepared jointly by Sitra, and relevant ministries and stakeholders. Theroadmap outlines the road ahead for a successful implementation of the circular economy. Sitra furthermore constructedan action plan for the circular economy. The main priorities of the action plan are platforms for testing the circular economy,sustainable and innovative public procurement and support for new products and service innovations.Two key project of the transition towards a circular economy is the Strategy for Finnish Bio economy and clean solutions i.e.cleantech. The strategy for the Finnish bio economy was set up in 2014 by three Finnish Ministries and it aims to increaseeconomic growth and new jobs from a growth in the bio economy business. Also, it means to create a competitive operatingenvironment for the bio economy, with a strong bio economy competence-base. The cleantech initiative strives to promotesustainable use of natural resources and reduce environmental emissions by cleantech products, services and processes.In November 2018, Finland published information on a Plastics Roadmap that will be launched in spring 2019. The Roadmapincludes measures on a variety of areas related to plastics; such as helping consumers recycle, improve plastics recovery,recycling and product design, stimulating investments and innovations in the circular economy, etc.SwedenThe 1st of January 2017, VAT reliefs on repairs of bicycles, clothing, textiles and leather goods wasreduced from 25% to 12%.The state’s investigation regarding circular economy was summarized in March 2017. The suggestionswere a delegation for circular economy. It also suggested e.g. further tax relief on renting-, second hand- and repairingservices and increased availability of car pools. The government agreed about the delegation for circular economy and theyapproved 5 million a year for this mission. The delegation was constituted the 12th of April, 2018 and its mission is to advicethe government and set up a strategy for the transition to circular and bio based economy. Åsa Domeij, the sustainabilitymanager of Axfood, holds the presidency of the delegation.Within the frames of the new so called January agreement amongst four of the Swedish ParliamentParties, in order to be able to create a government, many of the agreement bullets are related tothe environment. One of these measures is to strengthen the circular economy through e.g. apawn on more items, a “hyper deduction” on rented items, and a demand on the recycling of textiles.IcelandSpecific RecommendationsImpactObjectiveProblemEU 54 Action PointsImproving access to finance for Circular Economy ProjectsRecommendations to the financial sectorDevelop definitions, taxonomy and tools to measure the ‘circularity’ of projects by set- ting up a multidisciplinary workinggroup of recognised experts with a clear mandate and working plan.Analyse the risk of linear business models and adjust credit risk assessment methods to take into account linear risks.Establish risk-sharing financial instruments and create a pool of experts available for financial institutions to assess thetechnological risk of innovative circular technologiesClearly label financial instruments fit for financing circular economy projects and increase awareness and knowledge of thecircular economy within the financial sector.Recommendations to project promotersIdentify circular sources of revenue and update the organisation’s strategy through a series of actions such as scanningexisting processes, developing new business models, assessing risk, etc.Take part in collaborative communities of circular economy practices to identify opportunities and form businesspartnerships to implement circular economy business models or projects.Disclose the project’s environmental and social benefits through credible, standardised methods.Increase the organisation’s internal capacity to design and implement circular economy projects by training staff and usingexternal advisory services.Recommendations to policy makersRecommendations to financial policy makersRecommendations to non-financial policy makersCircular Economy Strategies & orgs(municipal, regional, national)ConsumptionBetter enforcement of existing guarantees on tangible products, accompanied by a reflectionon improvements (upcoming Commission proposal for online sales of goods, and FitnessCheck of consumer legislation)Action on false green claims, including updated guidance on unfair commercial practicesAnalysis of the possibility to propose horizontal requirements on repair informationprovision in the context of EcodesignFitness check of Ecolabel, to be followed by actions to enhance its effectivenessAssessment of the possibility of an independent testing programme on prematureobsolescenceSubject to evaluation of the current ongoing pilots, explore the possible uses of the ProductEnvironmental Footprint to measure and communicate environmental informationAction on Green Public Procurement: enhanced integration of circular economyrequirements, support to higher uptake including through training schemes, reinforcing itsuse in Commission procurement and EU fundsDanish National Strategy (left)in relation to:Danish Circular Economy Advisory Boardrecommendations (right)Double click to expand/collapsePromoting circular business development in SMEsSetting up a single point of entry to the authorities forenterprises with circular business modelsExpanding the access to financing of circular business modelsSupporting digital circular options by commercial use of dataand challengesIncorporating circular economy into product policyBoosting Danish participation in European work on circularstandardsPromoting circular procurementIncreasing focus on total cost of ownership in publicprocurementPromoting more harmonised collection of household wasteCreating a level playing field on the market for waste andrecycled raw materialsLiberalising WEEE managementEstablishing a fund for the handling of regulatory barriersto circular economyDeveloping a voluntary sustainability classPropagating selective demolitionGetting more value out of biomassMake circular economy the driving force behindDanish industrySet up a single point of entry to the authoritiesfor enterprises that encounter barriers to circulartransitionCreate circular municipalitiesIncorporate circularity into the macroeconomicmodels and statisticsDevelop standards that support the circular economyIncorporate circular economy into the entireeducation systemPromote research, development, testing,demonstration and market development forcircular solutions and technologiesBoost financing for the acceleration of circularenterprisesExploit the leading position of Denmark withindigitalisation and new technology to supportcircular transformationStrengthen circular product policy,e.g. in the Ecodesign DirectiveIncorporate circular economy intomanufacturing industryCreate a circular building regulationDevelop standardised building andproduct passportsImprove the framework conditionfor biorefiningEstablish new value chains foragricultural crops that make betteruse of photosynthesisOptimise the use of animal productsThe public authorities should build andprocure on the basis of total costs and lifecycle calculationsPromote the circular economy through theway enterprises and the public authoritiesmake their procurementsDevelop circular aspects by relevantlabelling schemes, and expand their usePromote use of surplus capacity, e.g.through sharing economy business modelsPrevent food wastePromote repair and reuseHarmonise the collection of householdwaste by the local authorities to promoterecyclingClarify the framework conditions for thewaste sector, and create a better supplyof recycled materialsImprove competitive conditions on the market for waste and recycled materials throughhamonised classification and more rigorous,risk-based inspection of the industryDisseminate selective demolitionof buildingsIntroduce an expanded, circular producerresponsibility scheme for waste of electronicproductsMonitoring &additional footnote referencesDevelopment of a monitoring framework for the circular economyWaste managementRevised legislative proposal on wasteImproved cooperation with Member States for better implementation of EU wastelegislation, and combat illicit shipment of end of life vehicles (ELV)Stepping up enforcement of revised Waste Shipment regulationPromotion of industry-led voluntary certification of treatment facilities for key waste/recyclate streamsInitiative on waste to energy in the framework of the Energy UnionIdentification and dissemination of good practices in waste collection systemsMarket for secondary raw materialsDevelopment of quality standards for secondary raw materials (in particular for plastics)Proposal for a revised fertilisers regulationProposed legislation setting minimum requirements for reused water for irrigation andgroundwater rechargePromotion of safe and cost-effective water reuse, including guidance on the integration ofwater reuse in water planning and management, inclusion of best practices in relevantBREFs, and support to innovation (through the European Innovation Partnership and Horizon2020) and investmentsAnalysis and policy options to address the interface between chemicals, products and wastelegislation, including how to reduce the presence and improve the tracking of chemicals ofconcern in productsMeasures to facilitate waste shipment across the EU, including electronic data exchangeFurther development of the EU raw materials information systemCritical raw materialsReport on critical raw materials and the circular economyImprove exchange of information between manufacturers and recyclers on electronicproductsEuropean standards for material-efficient recycling of electronic waste, waste batteries andother relevant complex end-of-life productsSharing of best practice for the recovery of critical raw materials from mining waste andlandfillsInnovation and InvestmentsInitiative "Industry 2020 and the circular economy" under Horizon 2020Pilot project for "innovation deals" to address possible regulatory obstacles for innovatorsTargeted outreach to encourage applications for funding under EFSI, and support thedevelopment of projects and investment platforms relevant to the circular economyTargeted outreach and communication activities to assist Member States and regions for theuptake of Cohesion Policy funds for the circular economySupport to Member States and regions to strengthen innovation for the circular economythrough smart specialisationAssessment of the possibility of launching a platform together with the EIB and nationalbanks to support the financing of the circular economyEngagement with stakeholders in the implementation of this action plan through existingfora in key sectorsSupport to a range of stakeholders through actions on public-private partnerships,cooperation platforms, support to voluntary business approaches, and exchanges of bestpracticesBiomass and bio-based materialsGuidance and dissemination of best practice on the cascading use of biomass and support toinnovation in this domain through Horizon 2020Ensuring coherence and synergies with the circular economy when examining thesustainability of bioenergy under the Energy UnionAssessment of the contribution of the 2012 Bio-economy Strategy to the circular economyand possible reviewConstruction and demolitionPre-demolition assessment guidelines for the construction sectorVoluntary industry-wide recycling protocol for construction and demolition wasteCore indicators for the assessment of the lifecycle environmental performance of a building,and incentives for their useFood WasteDevelopment of a common methodology and indicators to measure food wasteStakeholders platform to examine how to achieve SDGs goals on food waste, share bestpractice and evaluate progressClarify relevant EU legislation related to waste, food and feed in order to facilitate fooddonation and utilisation of former foodstuffs for animal feedExplore options for more effective use and understanding of date marking on foodSectorial ActionPlasticsStrategy on plastics in the circular economySpecific action to reduce marine litter implementing the 2030 Sustainable DevelopmentGoals

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