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Universities should use datamonitoring to prevent cheating1.3Should universities usedata monitoring toprevent students fromcheating?You decide!1.1DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:1) What kinds of incentives do students face that might motivate them to cheat?2) How many college students do you think have cheated on at least one paper orexam?3) Is it right for universities to take disciplinary action based on a technology'stracking of students?4) Is data monitoring a more severe breach of students' privacy than otherinformation that students provide to universities, such as health records?Universities should NOT use datamonitoring to prevent cheating1.4Some datamonitoringtechnologies areinherently flawed2.6Proctorio, a datamonitoring platformused by manyuniversities, unfairlyflags students ofcolor3.8Studies show thatProctorio's softwareflagged Blackstudents as theirfacial detectionsoftware could notrecognize Black facesin 50% of cases4.3According to onesenior technologist atthe Electronic FrontierFoundation, "anystudent can beaccused based on theflimsiest technicalevidence."3.9Technology expertssaid that in theDartmouth case, itwould be difficult fora disciplinarycommittee todistinguish cheatingfrom noncheatingbased on the datasnapshots thatDartmouth providedto accused students.3.10Universities shouldnot take disciplinaryaction based ontechnologies that canmake mistakes2.7Students gettingsuspended orexpelled from schoolfor cheatingirrevocably impactstheir future careersand the rest of theirlives3.11It is an invasion ofprivacy to trackstudents' online data2.8Much data trackingoccurs withoutstudents' knowledge,violating their right totransparency3.12Data monitoringcompanies can besold to largercompanies, whichmakes theirinformation "subjectto an entirely newprivacy policy"3.13Data monitoringbreaks down trustbetween studentsand teachers2.9Surveillance "makes itmore difficult forstudents to get helpwhen they need it,even from a teacherthey trust, becausethey feel that they willbe judged on thebasis of their digitalfootprint instead oftheir own experiencesand perceptions"3.14BACKGROUND:Dartmouth Medical School recently accused 10 students of online cheating and tookdisciplinary action against them, even as some of the students denied the charges - thusigniting a nationwide debate. While universities claim that academic integrity isimperative, many worry about privacy and accessibility risks of universities usingsoftware to monitor students. Most data monitoring softwares track and review students'online actions and history.According to the New York Times, "Dartmouth's drive to root out cheating provides asobering case study of how the coronavirus has accelerated college's reliance ontechnology, normalizing student tracking in ways that are likely to endure after thepandemic."1.2Educational success isdependent onacademic integrity2.1Academic integrityhelps students gainintellectual masteryover material3.1Academic integrityestablishes trustbetween students,their classmates, andprofessors3.2Academic integrityadds value to one'sdegree3.3Employers valuegraduates whodemonstrate highpersonal integrity4.1Cheating can result insuspensions or "Fs"on one's transcriptand degree4.2Universities areresponsible forstudents' educationalsuccess2.2Data monitoring is aneffective way toidentify and preventcheating2.3A study from professors atRadford University showedthat "remote examproctoring in onlinecourses works to reducecheating"3.4Research shows thatwhen professors orcolleges don’tmonitor their exams,students cheatsignificantly moreoften3.5Data monitoring isnot a significantviolaion of students'privacy2.4In order to be part ofa university, studentsvoluntarily relinquishmany aspects of theirprivacy, such as SocialSecurity numbers andhealth records3.6Universities need tobe able to verify thatstudents have donethe work for theirdegrees, in order tomaintain their owncredibility2.5Statistics from theInternational Centerfor AcademicIntegrity posit that68% ofundergraduatestudents havecheated on a writtenassignment or a test3.7

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