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BECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEShould the US"defund the police"?You decide!1.1DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:1. What are police for? (What should their purpose be?)2. What is the most charitable interpretation of the phrase“Defund the Police”?3. What is the least charitable interpretation of the phrase“Defund the Police”?4. The “CON” side has a major premise that we need policeofficers to serve and protect the American public. Do youthink that a world with fewer police would be safer? Why orwhy not?NO: The US should NOTdefund the police1.4Our efforts should be aimedat reforming the police, notcutting their funding2.4To avoid future policebrutality, we shouldpay officers well, trainthem adequately, andhold themaccountable.3.9Professionalizing thepolice would improvepublic safety throughbetter interactionsbetween policeofficers and theircommunities.3.10A 2019 study showedcommunity relationsimprove when policethink of themselvesas communityguardians as opposedto militarizedwarriors.4.3We need police officers toserve and protect theAmerican public.2.5Many vulnerablecommunities facehigh rates of violentcrime that only getsworse when there isless police presence.3.11In the so-called"Ferguson effect,"violent crimeincreases after policewithdraw from aneighborhood.4.4Over Memorial Dayweekend, when policewere occupied withmonitoring protests,Chicago suffered itsmost deaths per dayin 60 years, with 18killed and over 45shot in a 24 hourperiod.4.5Police officers andincreased resourceshave successfullyreduced crime in thepast.3.12In 1990, New York'scrime rate peaked,but with increasedpolicing through atechnique calledCompstat, crimedropped by 12percent within thefirst year.4.6Adjusted for inflation,the NYPD's budgetincreased by over200% between 1994and 2012. In thisperiod, crimedecreased by 63%.4.7Most Americansdon't want todefund the police.2.6In a fivethirtyeightpoll, only 31% ofAmericans said theywere in agreementwith defunding thepolice, while 58%oppose it3.13As a democracy, the USgovernment should notimplement policies that mostcitizens oppose.2.7BACKGROUND:Ever since the video of George Floyd’s murder by police officers in Minneapolis circulated across the US,protests against police violence and racial injustice have erupted around the world.Most calls to “Defund the Police” seek redistribution of funding away from police budgets and into othersocial sectors, such as education and mental health services. Other protestors are more focused onchanging specific police practices, such as a national ban on chokeholds or an end to "qualified immunity"for police officers.1.3YES: The US should defundthe police1.2More policing doesn'tnecessarily mean less crime.2.1The Brennan Centerposits that "themodest, downwardeffect on crime in the1990s is likely 0-10%from increased hiringof police officers."3.1An evaluation ofNorth Carolina's stategrant program forschool police officersfound no reduction inassaults, homicides,or illegal substanceuse due to theofficers' presence.3.2Policing in the US is afundamentally racist institution.2.2According to someactivists, policingoriginally evolved inthe South as adescendent of slavepatrols, and "There isnot a single era inUnited States historyin which the policewere not a force ofviolence against blackpeople."3.3Programs like Stop-and-Frisk unjustlytargeted Black andLatinx communities.3.4Police are more likelyto use force in theirinteractions againstpeople of color thanagainst White people.3.54,347 out of every100,000 Black menare incarcerated,compared to 678 outof every 100,000White men.3.6Investing more heavily inother types of programscould reduce crime.2.3Increased educationequity and workinfrastructure canlead to less crime.3.7Schools that invest inmental healthservices report higherattendance rates,stronger academicachievement, andhigher graduationrates.4.1School programssuch as "Becoming aman" and gang-outreach initiativessuch as "CureViolence" have proveneffective at reducingcrime.4.2The single mosteffective anti-crimemeasure in recentdecades was probablythe removal of leadfrom gasoline.3.8

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