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Should the US implementuniversal mail-in voting?You decide!1.1DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:1. Both sides have major premises about whether or not mail-in votingwould increase voter fraud. Which side has more credible evidence?2. Can state-level models scale up to the whole nation? (For example,can we apply Oregon’s model to the whole country?)3. The “CON” side has some premises about undermining faith in ourelection process. Will you trust the results of the election if they aredelayed by several weeks?YES: The US should implementuniversal mail-in voting1.2Universal mail-in voting isalready working very well in thestates that have implemented it,such as OR, CO, HI, WA, and UT2.1There is some evidencethat mail-in voting hasincreased turnout in thesestates, without affectingeither party's share ofturnout3.1As happened in Oregon:“The young, old, rich,poor, Democrats,Republicans, non-affiliated voters, white,non-white ... All votergroups have higherturnout when they'reautomatically gettingtheir ballot several weeksbefore Election Day.”4.1According to a recentstudy in theProceedings of theNational Academy ofSciences, "Universalvote-by-mail modestlyincreases voterturnout"4.2Oregon claimed itsaved 30% aftertransitioning from in-person to mail-invoting3.2There is no evidence ofany significant voterfraud from mail-in voting2.2FEC CommissionerEllen Weintraub hassaid that there is "nobasis for theconspiracy theorythat voting by mailcauses fraud."3.3Voter fraud in generalis extremely rare: just0.000002% of allballots cast in the2016 election werefraudulent3.4Between 2000 and2012, there were only491 cases of postalballot fraud, out ofhundreds of millions ofvotes3.5Oregon's all-mailelections have onlyreported 14fraudulent votes forall elections since20003.6Mail-in voting will be saferthan voting in-person duringthe COVID-19 pandemic2.3Public healthauthorities stronglyrecommend thatpeople do notcongregate in largegroups for extendedperiods of time,especially indoors3.7People waiting in lineto vote will begathering in largegroups for extendedperiods of time, oftenindoors3.8NO: The US should NOT implementuniversal mail-in voting1.3Mail-in voting couldincrease voter fraud2.4Voter registrationrolls can beinaccurate and out ofdate, containing thenames of voters whoare deceased, havemoved, or otherwisehave becomeineligible3.9Mailing thousands ofballots to individualswho no longer resideat those addressescreates a risk of thoseballots being stolenand misused3.10Fraud with voting bymail seems to bemore frequent thanwith in-person voting,as even manyscholars who arguethat fraud is generallyrare agree3.11In 2018, NorthCarolina Republicanswere cited forelection fraudinvolving mail ballots3.12The USPS infrastructuremay not be able tohandle mail-in voting2.5The USPS warned 46states that it can'tguarantee that allmail-in-ballots wouldarrive on time to becounted3.13If the US implementsuniversal mail-in voting, themajority of Americans maynot trust the results of theelection2.6Most people (60% ofAmericans) alreadydon't trust thecurrent electoralprocess3.14Mail-in voting couldcause a significant delayin election results, up toa week or more,according to someexperts3.15Every hour of delay ingetting the election resultswill create more chaos thatwill undermine thelegitimacy of the outcome3.16The 2000 Florida recountshowed how chaotic theelectoral process can become—and how disarray in a singlestate can undermine faith in thedemocratic process nationwide4.3It would be disastrous for ourdemocracy if Americans don'ttrust the results of the election2.7The legitimacy ofgovernment power dependson fair and democraticelections3.17BACKGROUND:As if the 2020 US elections were not already crazyenough, they're occurring during a pandemic. Socialdistancing - one of the best ways to combat thepandemic - is difficult to implement at polling places.Many people want to expand mail-in voting policies tominimize the risk of spreading the virus.1.4

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