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Should schools meet in-person or online?You decide!1.1Discussion Questions:1. The "online" side has a premise that many social benefits of in-person school are lost dueto COVID. How important is it to you to be able to see other students in person?2. The "in-person" side has a lot of premises about the potential negative impacts of schoolclosures on students. Did any of these premises cause you to think differently about thistopic? Which premises, and why?3. Do you find that you tend to learn better in-person or online, and why?4. How much of this decision should be made by teachers, and why?School should be online1.2Many of the socialbenefits of havingschool in-person arelost during COVID2.1Rather than studentsfeeling connected,social distancing andwearing masks canmake them feelisolated, and increasestress and anxiety3.1Stress and socialisolation can cause orworsen many otherproblems during aninfectious diseaseoutbreak3.2Stress can cause changesin sleep and eatingpatterns, difficultyconcentrating, increaseduse of tobacco and alcohol,and other problems4.1The costs for equippingschools to handle thecoronavirus areextremely high2.2New burdens offollowing publichealth guidanceinclude deep-cleaningschools, hiringnurses, and creatingsocially distancedclassrooms3.3Returning to school in-person poses aserious risk of causingCOVID outbreaks2.3Students can becomesick with COVID3.4Students can easilytransmit the virus toothers even if they donot have symptoms3.5One in four teachers(24%, or about 1.47million people), havea condition that putsthem at higher risk ofserious illness fromCOVID3.6Many schools havealready tried to reopenbut were forced to closeagain due to newoutbreaks of studentsgetting infected3.7Hybrid models can bethe most dangerousof all for spreadingthe virus3.8Students are likely tohang out with peerson days when theyaren't in school,rather than simplystaying home alone4.2Students meetingwith other studentsruins the point ofhybrid models, whichare supposed to limitthe number of peersthat students havecontact with4.3BACKGROUND:As COVID cases and deaths continue tomount in the US, everyone seems to have anopinion about whether schools should meetin-person, online, or some variation of hybridmodel. Administrators and teachers arebeing tasked with the impossible: trying toensure both safety and high-quality learningfor all students.1.4School should be in-person1.3Opening schools in-person does notpresent a severe publichealth risk2.4Children are not themain drivers of theCOVID-19 pandemic3.9Children and adolescentsunder 18 years oldaccount for under 7% ofcases and less than 0.1%of deaths (as of late July2020)4.4Household transmissionstudies showed thatchildren were rarely theindex case and case studiessuggested that children withCOVID seldom causedoutbreaks4.5COVID-19transmissionineducational settingsis comparatively low3.10Children who contractCOVID-19 are lesslikely to suffer severesymptoms3.11Extended school closures willharm students academically2.5Extended schoolclosure can lead tosevere learning loss3.12School closuresdisproportionatelyimpact students inlow-incomecommunities3.13Many low-incomefamilies cannot affordthe resources neededfor successfuldistance learning4.6Many parents cannotafford to take care ofchildren who arelearning at home4.7Extended school closures willharm students in many otherways besides academically2.6Students staying athome will experiencea lack of socialinteraction andreducedopportunities forstress regulation3.14Social interaction ingrades PK-12 isimportant fordeveloping language,communication,social, emotional, andinterpersonal skills3.15For many students,school is a safer placethan home3.16Educational staff areresponsible for morethan one-fifth of allreported child abusecases - more than anyother category4.8Hundreds ofthousands ofstudents have beenvictims of abuse andneglect4.9Extended schoolclosures will leavemany childrenwithout basicnutrition3.17More than 30 millionchildren participate inthe National SchoolLunch Program4.10

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