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BECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEFOR EXAMPLEFOR EXAMPLEFOR EXAMPLEFOR EXAMPLEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEHOWEVERFOR EXAMPLEFOR EXAMPLEFOR EXAMPLEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEBECAUSEHOWEVER, SOME SAYFOR EXAMPLEBECAUSELink to DiscussionQuestions (Click the cornerof this box)1.1Students can learn to buildtheir own maps with our freeonline course! (Click thecorner of this box)2.1Schools shouldNOT shut down1.2Shutting down schoolswill significantly harmdisadvantaged students2.2Shutting down schools willharm student learning,especially for the mostdisadvantaged students3.1Interruptions ineducation canprofoundly harmchild developmentand make it harder toreduce theachievement gapbetween high- andlow- income families4.1Many low-incomefamilies do not haveaccess to thetechnologies requiredfor online coursework4.2Shutting downschools will harmstudents who dependon schools for basicneeds3.2For some children,including homelessyouth, schools can bethe safest place4.3Denying thesechildren access maydeny them muchneeded support, evensomething as basic asa place to wash theirclothes4.4Closing schools caninterrupt socialservices likeprograms thatprovide lunches tomore than 30 millionchildren andbreakfast to 11million4.5Many of thesechildren depend onthese meals for basicnutrition that is notavailable at home4.6There are many common-sensemeasures that officials can enactto limit potential spread amongchildren and staff, withoutclosing schools altogether2.3All students could bechecked daily forfever, a possible signof Covid-19 infection3.3Schools could givemore attention tohand washing,reminding childrennot to touch theirfaces, and teachingthem to sneeze intotheir sleeves (vitaltraining whichchildren may not getoutside of school)3.4Schools can considerchanging seatingarrangements tokeep children six feetapart3.5As the weatherwarms, lessons canbe taken outside, ifpossible3.6There is no clearevidence thatshutting downschools will slow thespread or thedeadliness of thevirus2.4There have been veryfew reports ofchildren contractingCovid-19. (It’s notclear why. It’spossible that childrendo get infected, butso mildly that it is notnoticed or tested)3.7If children don't go toschool, they are likelyto still get togetherand/or visit publicsites3.8Schools SHOULDshut downtemporarily1.3Shutting downschools will help slowthe spread ofcoronavirus2.5School closures are one ofthe most useful non-pharmaceuticalinterventions (NPIs) a citycan enact3.9Schools are "germfactories" becausethey bring studentstogether from manydifferent places forextended periods oftime, who may not beconscious of healthmeasures4.7"In my view, schoolsshould be closed*before* first case in aschool, when casesappear in thecommunity or innearby areas. This isnot without costs. Butwaiting reduces thebenefits of#schoolclosure" -Dr.Nicholas Christakis,Professor of Sociologyat Yale4.8People are alreadyaccustomed toschools periodicallyclosing (e.g. for snowdays), so closingschools is less sociallydislocating than otherinterventions4.9Shutting downschools helpedsignificantly to slowthe spread of SpanishFlu in 19183.10Source:"NonpharmaceuticalInterventionsImplemented by USCities During the1918-1919 InfluenzaPandemic" (Journal ofthe American MedicalAssociation, 2007)4.10Cities that enacted“non-pharmaceuticalinterventions,” orNPIs, like schoolclosures or bans onpublic gatherings,had a lower peakmortality and loweroverall morbidity thancities that waitedlonger to do so4.11Spanish Flu isrelevantly similar tothe coronavirus3.11There are relevantdifferences betweenthe Spanish Flu crisisand the current crisis4.12Children are particularlyvulnerable to influenza andare more likely to transmitthe virus to adults, but thisdoes not seem to be thecase with coronavirus5.1100 years ago, it wasmuch more commonfor mothers to beavailable to take careof children who werehome from school,but now most parentsneed to work5.2The public has muchlower trust ingovernment andother institutionsthan it did 100 yearsago5.3Many other countriessuch as China, Japan,Italy, and Hong Konghave shut down theirschools3.12At least in China,extreme measuressuch as schoolclosings appear to beslowing the spread ofthe virus3.13Society should dowhatever we can tohelp slow the spreadof coronavirus2.6Slowing the spread ofthe virus is essentialfor protecting themost vulnerablemembers of society3.14Slowing the rate ofinfection candecrease the burdenon health careservices and criticalinfrastructure,allowing hospitals tofocus on the mostextreme cases4.135.4The most vulnerablemembers of society(e.g. the elderly, thosewith other medicalconditions) are themost likely to die ofthe virus unless theyget emergencymedical attention4.14Medical care teamsshould prioritize themost vulnerablemembers of society3.15Slowing the spread ofthe virus can providevaluable time forvaccine and antiviralmedicationproduction anddistribution3.16The negative impactsof shutting downschools outweigh thecosts3.17Singapore, which hasbeen heralded for itsresponse to Covid-19,decided that closingschools would domore harm than good4.15Downplaying thedisruption thesemeasures may cause oroverstating their benefitscan erode publicconfidence in governmentat a time when it isneeded the most4.16

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